16 american gov questions 1

possible answers: mercantilism, communism, socialism, laissex faire, free enterprise (capitalism)
an economic system without government interference grew out of socialism but differed by seeking to control all areas of society was a reaction to capitalism grew out of and closely subscribes to the laissez-faire system
an early economic system that gave the government strict control over business
2.
Select the best answer.
Which answer is NOT a factor of production?

capital goods

labor

sovereignty

entrepreneurship

land (natural resources)

3.
Select the best answer.
In a ___ form of government only the legislature makes the laws, and the leader of the executive branch is elected by the people.

presidential

tribal

dictatorship

parliamentary

4.
Match the statements with the philosophers and theorists.possible answers : Jacques-Benigne Bossuet, John Locke, Karl Marx, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Thomas Hobbes, Plato, Adam Smith, Montesquieu, Jean-Jacques Rousseau
“father of modern economics” who believed the state and mankind entered into a relationship
philosopher who believed philosophers were the only ones who could create an ideal state
argued for the principle of a separation of powers that later became the framework for the American Constitution
philosopher who believed people would be willing to forfeit some of their rights while requiring the state
to honor both civil and natural rights
argued for the communist theory with the publication of
The Communist Manifesto
man most associated with the socialist theory
philosopher who believed man would forfeit his personal rights and
subject himself to a sovereign state for his self-preservation
philosopher who saw the relationship between government and mankind as a
reciprocal agreement where the state committed to mankind and mankind
committed to the good of the state French bishop who advocated the divine right of kings theory
5.
Select the best answer.
Natural rights, which have always existed and apply to everyone, came from ___.

a social contract

natural law

the Ten Commandments

the family

6.
Select the best answer.
branch and may recall him at any time.

parliamentary

dictatorship

tribal

presidential

7.
Select the best answer.
The branch of government that makes laws is known as the ___ branch.

executive

legislative

unity

judicial

8.
Select the best answer.
The U.S. legislative and executive branches check each otherâ€s power.

False

True

9.
Select the best answer.
Capitalism is essentially the same as free enterprise.

True

False

10.
Match the descriptions with the systems of government. Answers may be used more than once.
Possible answers : unitary government, confederate government, federal government.
All political power is concentrated in a centralized government.
Political power is shared between independent central and state governments.
If a portion of the population disagrees with the policies of a
government, the people can weaken the central governmentâ€s power. Decisions can be made more quickly. State governments within a country are more powerful than the central government.
11.
Select the best answer.
Which answer is NOT a characteristic a state must have in order to exist?

territory

people

sovereignty

constitution

government

12.
Match the theories with the descriptions.
possible answers : divine right of kings theory, force theory, social contract theory, evolutionary government theory.
states created by war; rule of the strong over the weak
authority based on inherent right from God
the stateâ€s power limited by the people; formed the
framework for American government
theory that over time, the state developed from the family unit into clans, then into tribes, and finally into states
13.
Select the best answer.
Which answer is NOT a specific characteristic of a free-enterprise system?

a federal form of government

private ownership and control of factors of production

profit

competition

14.
Select the best answer.
Which person did NOT contribute a social contract theory?

John Locke

Thomas Hobbes

Montesquieu

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

15.
Select the best answer.
Which of these was the first primitive form of government?

small city-states

tribal councils

clans

councils of philosophers

16.
Match the descriptions with the forms of government.
possible answers : liberal democracy, direct democracy, absolute monarch, feudalism, despotism, totalitarianism
People participate in this through initiatives, referendums, and recalls.
This form of government was based on ownership of land and a social class system.
This form of government literally means “rule of the people.”
This form of government has an absolute ruler who only looks out for himself and reigns as a tyrant.
This form of government controls every aspect of an individualâ€s life.
This hereditary ruler governed by divine right.

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