The United States Constitution stands apart in history as the cornerstone document for a nation like none before it, but it was not the first law of the land. The discussion and drafting of the U.S. C
Scholarly Activity: Constitution Comparison Worksheet
Page 1: Fill in the blanks below with the appropriate answers.
Page 2: Complete the essay in a minimum of 300 words in length.
Table 1 Instructions: Compare the Articles of Confederation and Constitution by filling out the blanks below.
|Comparison||Articles of Confederation||Constitution|
|Votes||1 vote per state||2 Senate votes + proportional House votes|
|Courts||State courts only||Separate Judicial Branch|
|President||Presided over Congress||(3.)|
|Trade||State controlled||Federally controlled|
|Passing Laws||Consensus of (4.) states||Congressional majority and presidential signature|
|Tax Laws||State controlled||Federally controlled|
|Control of military||Congress||Congress|
|Currency||State Issued||Federally Issued|
|Amendments||Required the consent of (5.) states||2/3 Congress and 3/4 of states|
Table 2 Instructions: Fill out the missing words from the United States Bill of Rights.
|Amendment 1||Right to freedoms of (6.) and speech; right to assemble and to (7.) the government for redress of grievances|
|Amendment 2||Right to keep and bear arms to maintain a well-regulated (8.)|
|Amendment 3||Right not to house (9.) during time of war|
|Amendment 4||Right to be secure from unreasonable (10.) and (11.)|
|Amendment 5||Rights in criminal cases, including to (12.) process and indictment by grand jury for capital crimes, as well as the right not to testify against oneself|
|Amendment 6||Right to a speedy (13.) by an impartial jury|
|Amendment 7||Right to a (14.) trial in civil cases|
|Amendment 8||Right not to face excessive (15.) or fines, or (16.) and (17.) punishment|
|Amendment 9||Rights retained by the (18.) , even if they are not specifically (19.) by the Constitution|
|Amendment 10||(20.) States’ to powers not specifically delegated to the federal government|
Below, compare and contrast the philosophies of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists that emerged during the time period of the Constitutional Convention through the ratification of the U.S. Constitution (roughly the late 1780s). In your answer, make sure to also include how the philosophies of both parties were reflective of the American society of the time.
Your response must be at least 300 words in length.