IELTS Speaking Guide: Expressing Cause and Effect

 In this lesson, students practice expressing the effects of various causes, and the causes of various effects.

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Function:  Expressing Cause and Effect
Key Words:  Because/since/as

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Expressing Cause and Effect: Since I wont graduate until June, I hope to find a job in advertising sometime next summer.

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Read the following causes and determine what the effects might be.

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Finish the sentences according to the prompts given.

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 1. While in university, I was interested in ___________________________; therefore, I chose to study ______________________________________.

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2. During my school years I never really liked ____________________, so I ______________________________________________________________.

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3. Since rainy days make me feel ____________________, I often __________________________________________________.

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4. As cooking is _____________________ in our culture, we ________________________________________________________.

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5. I find visiting museums ___________________, so ______________________________________________________________.

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6. Sports to me are ____________________________; therefore, ___________________________________________________.

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7. Since my free time is _______________________, I normally ____________________________________________________.

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8. Painting is something I ________________________________, with this in mind, ___________________________________.

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9. My hometown has ___________________________________, so I would recommend _______________________________.

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10. Ive always loved ____________________ music, so ___________________________________________________________.

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Read through the prompts again.  What were the questions asked?

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 1. ________________________________________________________________________________

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 2. _____________________________________________________________________________________

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 3. ___________________________________________________________________________________

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 4. ___________________________________________________________________________________

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 5. ____________________________________________________________________________________

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 6. ____________________________________________________________________________________

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 7. _____________________________________________________________________________________

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 8. _____________________________________________________________________________________

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 9. _____________________________________________________________________________________

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 10._____________________________________________________________________________________

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Read through the following effects and try to determine the cause.

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 1. I was soaking wet when I got to work.
Cause: _____________________________________________________________

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2. I changed my major from math to English.
Cause: _____________________________________________________________

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3. I have to manage my finances carefully.
Cause: _____________________________________________________________

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4. Traveling is a big part of my life.
Cause: _____________________________________________________________

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5. I never take a taxi.

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Cause: _____________________________________________________________

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6. Eating vegetables with every meal is something I do every day.
Cause: _____________________________________________________________

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7. I usually go to bed very early.
Cause: _____________________________________________________________

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8. I have 2 cats and 3 dogs.
Cause: _____________________________________________________________

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9. We often invite people over for dinner.
Cause: _____________________________________________________________

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10. We rarely use the air conditioner
Cause: _____________________________________________________________

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