Question 21 (3 points)
Which of the following is TRUE about how self-regulation develops?
Question 21 options:
Self-regulation begins with a child’s internally-motivated self-regulation behaviors before they learn externally-motivated self-regulation behaviors.
Children who are able to comply successfully with caregiver rules develop best with the minimal amount of self-regulatory help from caregivers.
Self-regulatory behavior generally shifts from behaviors that are assisted by adults to independent behaviors.
All of the above.
Question 22 (3 points)
Question 22 options:
is a built-in, automatic process that governs emotional response.
is actively seeking emotional information from a trusted person.
does not emerge until the preschool years.
involves the use of strategies to adjust an emotional state to a comfortable level of intensity.
Question 23 (3 points)
How would emotion-coaching parents respond to an upset child in order to promote emotional self-regulation?
Question 23 options:
Calmly explain to the child why he/she does not need to be upset.
Avoid rewarding negative emotions with attention; wait to interact until the child is calm.
Try to help the child understand what he/she is feeling and why; accept those feelings.
Provide strategies on how to move on from the emotion, like ignoring the cause for the upset.
All of the above.
Question 24 (3 points)
Which one of the following does current research show helps moral development?
Question 24 options:
Use consistent enforcement of rules so children will stop questioning why they have to follow certain rules.
If children are unwilling to comply, explain reasons for the behavior to the child and problem-solve with the child.
Use flexibility in enforcing moral rules in high-stress situations such as when you are too tired or are in a hurry.
Praise positive pro-social behaviors, do not reward negative behaviors by calling attention to them.
All of these behaviors promote moral development.