Research: Writing Like a Scholar
A research paper is an expanded essay that presents your own interpretation, evaluation, or argument, using what knowledge is already available on the subject. This type of paper involves studying a topic in order to find the best possible information in that field. Your paper must present your own opinions and ideas supported by your research, correctly credited to the original authors and organizations.
· Length: 900-1,500 words. A minimum of 900 words is required in order for your essay to be substantial. What is important is that you get your point across.
· Organization: Introduction, supporting paragraphs, and a conclusion.
· Language: Use formal language and avoid the use of first and second person — avoid references to yourself (NO “I believe, in my opinion” etc.), no personal anecdotes, and do not address the reader (avoid “you” altogether).
· Documentation: five correctly documented quotes or paraphrases from five adequate sources.
· Style: APA style is usually used for the type of research you will be doing. Continue in that style unless otherwise stated by your professor.
· Cross-referencing: You must use in-text citations (also known as in-text references) or signal phrases each time you use the words or ideas of your sources in the essay. Cross-reference your work as explained in your handbook. The handbook is especially necessary for this essay.
· Support: You’ll need a minimum of five sources. Support your ideas with expert opinion, facts, statistics, and other information you find in your research. It is a mistake to create a Frankenstein research paperby copying and pasting.
Formatting/ Typing Guidelines for Research Paper
· Convert your papers to Microsoft Word before submitting.
· In Microsoft Word, make sure you look under the Paragraph section. On the bottom of the left-hand side, there is a box which reads “Do not add extra spaces to like paragraphs.” Check that box! In academic papers, there are no extra spaces between the paragraphs. Instead, you must indent each new paragraph. I recommend tapping the tab key to indent.
· The research paper must be typed, double-spaced.
· Pages must be numbered. Use the correct pagination format for the documentation style your instructor has chosen.
· The title of your paper is centered, using the same font and font size as the rest of the paper. Your title must not be bold, underlined, or italicized.
· Use Times New Roman 12 pt. font.
· Use one-inch margins at the top, bottom, and sides of each page.
· Long quotes: Quotations of forty or more words in the typescript (APA) or four lines (MLA) should be set apart followed by the page number. Shorter passages are integrated into the text of the paper.
· APA requires a cover page with a running head, an abstract, and a References page. Do not neglect to include these.
1. CHOSEN TOPIC:
Foreign Adoption: Over the past decade, the USA has adopted at least 15,000 children internationally each year. Due to less regulation, corruption, and human trafficking, there have been considerable problems, and some countries have banned foreign adoption altogether. In addition, many children within the USA are in foster care, so some people want the USA to also ban foreign adoptions. Consider an argument for or against adopting children from foreign countries.