NRS-428VN-0501-Concepts in Community and Public Health

NRS-428VN-0501-Concepts in Community and Public Health: Select a global health issue affecting the international health community. Briefly describe the global health issue and its impact on the larger public health care systems…

NRS-428VN-0501-Concepts in Community and Public Health

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Select a global health issue affecting the international health community. Briefly describe the global health issue and its impact on the larger public health care systems (i.e., continents, regions, countries, states, and health departments). Discuss how health care delivery systems work collaboratively to address global health concerns and some of the stakeholders that work on these issues. 

Resources within your text covering international/global health, and the websites in the topic materials, will assist you in answering this discussion question.

Concepts in Community and Public Health
HIV/AIDS is among the most severe public health issues in the world. However, there are various global commitments brought forward to stop HIV new infections and ensure all individuals with the virus have access to treatment of the disease. Nevertheless, more infections of HIV are still reported every day across the globe, whereby in 2019, approximately 38 million individuals in the world had the virus (Pandey & Galvani, 2019). The same year, there were 1.7 million newly infected individuals. HIV is a public health issue since it targets a person’s immune system weakening the body’s defense against infections and various types of cancer. It gradually results in an individual becoming immunodeficient.
At the intercontinental level, the progress on HIV transmission prevention remains too slow. The 2019 infections were more than thrice higher than the 2020 UNAIDS’s target. However, compared to previous years, deaths related to AIDS in 2009 were lower by 60% than those in 2004 (Pandey & Galvani, 2019). At the regional level, most individuals with HIV are from middle and low-income countries, where the highest were from African countries, followed by Asian and Pacific regions, then North America and central and Western Europe. HIV also has a significant impact at a nation, state, and health department’s level, contributing to health expenditures in private and public sectors. HIV/AIDS may cause a diversion of resources from other sectors to higher care levels required by patients. The health issue adds strains on finances for public health and other healthcare staff resources, which may force individuals to opt for private healthcare.

NRS-428VN-0501-Concepts in Community and Public Health

The health care delivery system can work collaboratively to ensure they meet the target population’s health needs by addressing global health issues. Some of the health partnerships globally include the Global Fund for fighting Malaria, Tuberculosis and AIDS, the Vaccine Alliance, and the GAVI (Caines et al., 2018). They established purposely to streamline health sector efforts and respond to challenges resulting from the newly created aid environment. The partnerships involve civil society, the private sector, international organizations, affected communities, and governments in an umbrella context. It helps in addressing some global health concerns which an individual organization may not control alone. For instance, WHO collaborates with various international health partners by engaging in the partners’ governance structures and providing them with leadership on health systems and technical approaches.

Caines, K., Buse, K., Carlson, C., De Loor, R., Druce, N., Grace, C., & Sadanandan, R. (2018). Assessing the impact of global health partnerships. Synthesis of findings from the.
Pandey, A., & Galvani, A. P. (2019). The global burden of HIV and prospects for control. The Lancet HIV, 6(12), e809-e811.

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