offers a valid explanation of how emancipation of the slaves could be justified as a legitimate exercise of the president’s constitutional war powers?…

a.Under the war powers conferred upon him by the Constitution, Lincoln had the authority to enact any measure even if it was not consistent with the overall goals of the war effort.

b.Although not seen as a military necessity absolutely essential for the salvation of the Union, the emancipation of the slaves was seen as the most expeditious means of bringing the Confederacy to its knees.

c.Because of the many ways in which the Confederacy used them to support their war efforts, Lincoln’s actions to emancipate the slaves in the rebellious states could be seen as a military necessity.


e.None of these


a.Seward was concerned that the proclamation might provoke a racial war in the North.

b.Seward was concerned that a disruption to the cotton industry might cause France and England to intervene to protect their economic interests.


d.Seward was concerned that the Union military’s presence was needed to assure protection of the emancipated slaves.

a.1) Union generals in Confederate territory were authorized to seize any property as needed for their well-being; 2) wages would be paid to blacks employed by the Union army

b.1) blacks in the Union army would be armed with guns; 2) a new infantry unit would be commissioned to develop more accurate battlefield maps

c.1) slavery and property rights in the Confederate states would be superseded by the issuance of new legislation; 2) cumbersome enforcement proceedings would be streamlined for procedural effectiveness

d.1) division of sentiment within the President’s cabinet would no longer be tolerated; 2) vehement protestations against the emancipation effort would be deemed treasonous


a.Bates’ approval was based on the condition that the freed slaves would be deported to Central America of Africa.  Lincoln insisted that any emigration must be voluntary.

b.Bates’ approval was based on the condition that the slave owners receive financial compensation for their loss.  Lincoln insisted that any payment be made in installments.

c.Bates’ approval was based on the belief that emancipation should be a gradual process lasting at least six months.  Lincoln noted that the process would likely vary greatly from state to state.


a.Ohio Congressman-elect, James Garfield

b.anti-slavery leader, John S. Rock

c.Abolitionist and public figure, Frederick Douglass

d.Joshua Speed, an old friend of Lincoln’s

e.Harvard University’s 15th president, Josiah Quincy

a.serving in camps as teamsters, cooks and hospital attendants

b.tilling fields, raising crops and picking cotton on the home front

c.digging trenches and building fortifications for the army

d.Both A and C

e.All of the above

a.Merely pausing a moment to consider his actions, Lincoln paused only to reflect and say, “If my name ever goes into history it will be for this act, and my whole soul is in it.”

b.Lincoln’s hand was trembling as he was about to sign the document due to the immense stress and strain he was experiencing.  He possessed great uncertainty over the decision of whether or not to issue the Proclamation.

c.Just as Lincoln was about to sign, a mistake was discovered in the wording of the proclamation.  The President paused briefly while corrections were quickly made to the document.


e.In front of a crowd of 3,000 that had gathered to personally witness signing of the document, Lincoln reached to dip his pen only to find that the well was out of ink.


a.In 1864, Chase desired to be selected as the Republican nominee for president—hopes that had been dashed at the previous two conventions.

b.Since no president had been re-elected since Andrew Jackson, Chase felt he had a reasonable chance to beat Lincoln to become the Republican nominee.


d.that the proclamation would lead to “depredation and massacre on the one hand, and support to the insurrection on the other” reflected his true concerns for the Union.


a.Lincoln sought changes to the document that he felt would make it more in keeping with the intentions of the original authors of the U.S. Constitution.

b.The revisions were considered vital in order for the measure to be effective in areas that did not fall under the direct jurisdiction of the federal government.

c.Lincoln’s advisors wished to ensure that this measure would meet the strict requirements of military law.

d.The revisions made to the document altered it so as to not be in violation of the U.S. Constitution and thereby be far less likely to be struck down as “unconstitutional” by the U.S. Supreme Court.

e.Both B and C

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Cathy, CS.